Most remote island in the world is also the most polluted with 17 tons of plastic

May 16, 2017

 

The beaches of one of the world’s most remote islands have been found to be polluted with the highest density of plastic debris reported anywhere on the planet, in a study published in the prestigious US scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Despite being uninhabited and located more than 5000 kilometres from the nearest major population centre, Henderson Island is littered with an estimated 37.7 million pieces of plastic.

Part of the UK’s Pitcairn Islands territory, the island is so remote that it’s only visited every five to ten years for research purposes, but its location near the centre of the South Pacific Gyre ocean current makes it a focal point for debris carried from South America or deposited by fishing boats.

During the most recent scientific expedition to the island led by the British nature conservation charity RSPB, the study’s lead author, IMAS researcher Dr Jennifer Lavers, found the beaches littered by up to 671 items per square metre, the highest density ever recorded.

“What’s happened on Henderson Island shows there’s no escaping plastic pollution even in the most distant parts of our oceans,” Dr Lavers said.

“Far from being the pristine ‘deserted island’ that people might imagine of such a remote place, Henderson Island is a shocking but typical example of how plastic debris is affecting the environment on a global scale.

“Based on our sampling at five sites we estimated that more than 17 tonnes of plastic debris has been deposited on the island, with more than 3570 new pieces of litter washing up each day on one beach alone.

“It’s likely that our data actually underestimates the true amount of debris on Henderson Island as we were only able to sample pieces bigger than two millimetres down to a depth of 10 centimetres, and we were unable to sample along cliffs and rocky coastline.”

Dr Lavers said most of the more than 300 million tonnes of plastic produced worldwide each year is not recycled, and as it’s buoyant and durable it has a long-term impact on the ocean.

“Plastic debris is an entanglement and ingestion hazard for many species, creates a physical barrier on beaches to animals such as sea turtles, and lowers the diversity of shoreline invertebrates.

“Research has shown that more than 200 species are known to be at risk from eating plastic, and 55 per cent of the world’s seabirds, including two species found on Henderson Island, are at risk from marine debris,” Dr Lavers said.

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-05-ocean-plastic-million-bits-litter.html#jCp

Norway to build first self-sailing electric cargo ship

May 11, 2017
May 10, 2017

A computer simulation released by Yara International ASA shows the Yara Birkeland vessel
A computer simulation released by Yara International ASA shows the Yara Birkeland vessel

Norway plans to launch the first autonomous and fully electric cargo ship next year that the project’s backers said Wednesday will save 40,000 truck journeys per year.

Fertiliser company Yara International has teamed up with industrial group Kongsberg to build the Yara Birkeland, which will haul fertilisers between three ports in southern Norway.

With a range of more than 65 nautical miles, the ship will be able to haul roughly 100 containers at a speed of 12 to 15 knots, according to the project’s director, Bjorn Tore Orvik.

Initially the ship will be manned, but remote operation is expected to begin in 2019 and fully autonomous operation in 2020, the companies said.

“Every day, more than 100 diesel truck journeys are needed to transport products from Yara’s Porsgrunn plant to ports in Brevik and Larvik where we ship products to customers around the world,” Yara’s chief executive Svein Tore Holsether said in a statement.

“With this new autonomous battery-driven container vessel we move transport from road to sea and thereby reduce noise and , improve the safety of local roads, and reduce NOx and CO2 emissions,” he added.

The switch is expected to reduce CO2 emissions by 678 tonnes per year, according to Yara, with the electricity used to charge the ship’s batteries coming almost exclusively from hydro plants.

While Norway is a major oil producer it has been a leader in the adoption of electric cars thanks to generous tax incentives and has experimented with electric-powered ferries to cross its famous fjords.

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-05-norway-self-sailing-electric-cargo-ship.html#jCp

The main reason why Plejaren E.T.s won’t save us from our own stupidity

May 10, 2017
The directives of the Plejaren say unambiguously that they may not intervene in the quarrels of foreign peoples and humanities if these do not belong to their federation and if support, and so forth, is not requested by their relevant leadership positions.
In regard to foreign planets and their humanities, who are not yet capable of higher space travel and a higher development of consciousness, they may likewise not intervene, take up any official contact, and therefore also are permitted to perform no other support, other than of a telepathic-impulse nature, which serves the general peaceful progress.
Regarding the removal of the Giza Intelligences, this directive was not violated because these belonged to traditional Lyran-Vegan-Plejaren groupings who caused much harm among the Earth humans for which reason they were deported and banished.
Therefore the Plejaren are only permitted to intervene in this case, without violating their directives, because the moronic Giza halfwits corresponded to a Plejaren peoples.
The humans of the Earth can therefore in no way at all expect any help from the Plejaren against the criminal machinations of the state powers, as well as their vassals and the people who acclaim them, in regard to an end to wars, murder and manslaughter, torture, rape, the death penalty, criminality, destruction and annihilation, because first there must be a certain degree of consciousness evolution present which could allow an intervention of the Plejaren in line with their directives.
But they will never carry out such intervention because, after the course of a certain amount of time, which is no more all-too-distant, they will finally draw back from the Earth and have nothing more to do with it and the Earthly humanity.
The years for that are already numbered and their final withdrawal is inevitable.
The humans of the Earth must, from their own incentive and from their own recognition, as well as from out of their grasp of the creational-natural truth, learn to use their understanding and reason in order to develop in consciousness in line with the creational laws and commandments.
However, so long as this obligation is not adhered to, so long will the human conjure up monstrous criminality, irresponsibility and wars, as well as every evil of the world, whereby love, freedom, peace and harmony will be allowed to wait until he finally keeps his true obligation, and also observes it, in regard to the fulfillment of the creational-natural laws.
The intelligence of the majority of humans of the Earth is still truly in children’s shoes, for which reason he chains himself to religions, sects, philosophies, and other ideologies, as well as to commerce, politics and their false resolutions and dealings.
Consequently he hangs on the lips and dealings of the state powers who steer their peoples into death, into ruin, into bondage, coercion, destruction and war, instead of leading them in a life of peace, love, freedom and harmony.
They do not recognise that their state powers are insane, schizophrenic and power-greedy – with few exceptions – who conjure up the devil out of hell in order to fulfill their own lusts for power and at the same time to heap up their bank accounts with the tax money of their stupid followers.
These stupid followers are also those who raise the power-greedy to their positions and pay tribute to them as every insane, un-self-supporting and stupid one pays tribute to the devil, if he can hope for a use for himself from it.
Still the humans are not so far progressed in regard to intelligence, respectively, pertaining to understanding and reason, that they would turn themselves away from religions, sects, philosophies and other false ideologies, as well as from the false politics and state leadership, as also from constantly raising up the greatest criminals and felons to state officials, who then launch war and every evil of the world and with that, bring not only foreign, rather also their own peoples, into need and misery, as well as into death and ruin.
The intelligence of the majority of the Earthly humanity has still not thrived to the extent that they search for the creational-natural truth and would learn and follow it, because, would the humanity follow this way, then they would quickly be so far that they take the rudder themselves in hand and would only choose trustworthy humans as state and world leaders who are striving to effect only the best and very best for the individual humans and the individual peoples as well as for the entire Earth humanity in order, world wide, to effect true love, freedom and harmony, as well as true peace.
Now, that is everything which already, often, and over and over again was discussed in the bulletins (see also Special Bulletin Number 25) and which has found much resonance with very many readers around the world.
However, in order, with that, to thereby effect something in the world and in the humanity, every individual must grasp the initiative, learn to behave correctly, carry the ideas of love, peace, freedom and harmony from his side into the world and fight for that.
And if that is done, then all of us do not stand on lost posts to which we have stationed ourselves for it.
However, every individual must observe his responsibility for that, to let his reason and his understanding govern and be untiringly awake in these things and go to the barricades, because only he who really fights can also win, and carry a victory from it.
And what, and how, everything is to be done and handled was already often named in the bulletins, whereby also the Plejaren have been moved to speak and made clear what is necessary in order to create a better and healthy world.
Thereby the spiritual teachings and the teachings of life integrated into them, as well as the learning and adherence to them, play an uncommonly important role; yet so long as the humans are not willing to learn and follow these teachings so long will the Earth and the entire humanity further live in need and misery, in war, hate, revenge, retaliation, jealously, lovelessness, dissention, bondage and disharmony, as well as in destructive erroneous believing in religions, sects, philosophies, political, commercial or other ideologies.
First then, if he finally frees himself from all these unworthy things, and from all harm, the wish can be fulfilled of all those who honestly make the effort to create a better and positive world and just as much a better and positive attitude in the humans.
Truly, there are, however, only few humans in the majority of the Terrestrial humanity, who really honestly maintain their thoughts, feelings, hopes and wishes in this direction, because generally the honesty in this direction is only determined for sufficiently dealing with one’s own well-being, while, to them, the fate of the fellow humans doesn’t matter and is dealt with with insipid words like, “It is terrible, everything that happens – these poor people”.
The fact is, however, that all these who so speak withdraw in their own snail shell in order to not have to concern themselves openly with the entire worldly and human catastrophe.
That is not how it is done, because it is necessary for every human – for everyone who will and can observe his responsibility – to creep out of his snail shell and to take up the fight against all the existing evil, unrighteousness, maliciousness, terror and human catastrophes, and so forth, and continue and live through this in spite of all opposition, verbal and actual attacks, slanders, untruths, and threats against body and life as well as against worldly possessions.
To this end, any good, honest and justifiable positive way is precisely good enough, and indeed it is entirely the same whether the fight is led with deeds, actions or with words in speech or text.
The article you sent follows:

http://www.futureofmankind.co.uk/Billy_Meier/FIGU_Special_Bulletin_027

Billy

August 2006

90 percent of the world’s fisheries facing collapse

May 1, 2017

http://www.innovationtoronto.com/2017/04/overfishing-is-depleting-oceans-across-the-globe-with-90-percent-of-the-worlds-fisheries-fully-exploited-or-facing-collapse/

Once upon a time, the seas teemed with mackerel, squid and sardines, and life was good. But now, on opposite sides of the globe, sun-creased fishermen lament as they reel in their nearly empty nets.

“Your net would be so full of fish, you could barely heave it onto the boat,” said Mamadou So, 52, a fisherman in Senegal, gesturing to the meager assortment of tiny fish flapping in his wooden canoe.

A world away in eastern China, Zhu Delong, 75, also shook his head as his net dredged up a disappointing array of pinkie-size shrimp and fledgling yellow croakers. “When I was a kid, you could cast a line out your back door and hook huge yellow croakers,” he said. “Now the sea is empty.”

Overfishing is depleting oceans across the globe, with 90 percent of the world’s fisheries fully exploited or facing collapse, according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. From Russian king crab fishermen in the west Bering Sea to Mexican ships that poach red snapper off the coast of Florida, unsustainable fishing practices threaten the well-being of millions of people in the developing world who depend on the sea for income and food, experts say.

But China, with its enormous population, growing wealth to buy seafood and the world’s largest fleet of deep-sea fishing vessels, is having an outsize impact on the globe’s oceans.

Having depleted the seas close to home, Chinese fishermen are sailing farther to exploit the waters of other countries, their journeys often subsidized by a government more concerned with domestic unemployment and food security than the health of the world’s oceans and the countries that depend on them.

Increasingly, China’s growing armada of distant-water fishing vessels is heading to the waters of West Africa, drawn by corruption and weak enforcement by local governments. West Africa, experts say, now provides the vast majority of the fish caught by China’s distant-water fleet. And by some estimates, as many as two-thirds of those boats engage in fishing that contravenes international or national laws.

China’s distant-water fishing fleet has grown to nearly 2,600 vessels (the United States has fewer than one-tenth as many), with 400 boats coming into service between 2014 and 2016 alone. Most of the Chinese ships are so large that they scoop up as many fish in one week as Senegalese boats catch in a year, costing West African economies $2 billion a year, according to a new study published by the journal Frontiers in Marine Science.

China’s Appetite Pushes Fisheries to the Brink – NY Times

africafishing-slide-7fu7-superjumbo

Part of China’s enormous fishing fleet at the harbor in Zhejiang, China. Credit Gilles Sabrie for The New York Times       

 

 

Cassini images from close pass

April 28, 2017

saturn-pole-4-26-17

Cassini made it! On April 26, 2017, NASA’s Saturn-exploring spacecraft made its closest pass by the planet since its arrival in 2004, beginning the final phase of its mission with its first “Grand Finale” orbital pass that took it between the top of the planet’s atmosphere and the innermost edge of the ring system. It’s […]

via Cassini Survived Its Historic First Pass Between Saturn and Rings; First Pics In! — Lights in the Dark

Do what GOTT says

April 25, 2017

*Goblet of the Truth*

In the *Goblet of the Truth* there it says:

Live always in love and in peace,

foster freedom and harmony on Earth

and never forget the real truth.

Foster your life always in goodness of heart

and live in the true BEING of the Creation.

The *Goblet of the Truth* will wake you,

not to the bane – but to the boon.

Semjase Silver Star Center, 13 July 2008, 3:21 a.m.

Billy

Get GOTT as a downloadable PDF here

So that’s kinda interesting…

April 8, 2017

AF announces major changes to space enterprise
by Staff Writers
Washington DC (AFNS) Apr 06, 2017


File image.

The Air Force announced five major organization and management changes to its space enterprise April 4, 2017. “For decades, the men and women of our Air Force delivered effects from space to give our joint warfighting forces in the field a distinct advantage over their adversaries,” said acting Secretary of the Air Force Lisa S. Disbrow.

“The Air Force has been researching, experimenting, and implementing plans for several years to evolve our space systems to both protect our interests in space and be more resilient in the face of potential threats. The time has come to adapt our organization and management structure to reflect the reality that space is a joint warfighting domain.”

As part of the Air Force’s initiative to normalize space, the service is taking steps to streamline the acquisition process, enhance responsiveness to threats in space, strengthen requirements, and bolster the space concept of operations (CONOPS).

“A new three-star deputy chief of staff for space, known as the ‘A-11,’ will be established as the Air Force’s headquarters space advocate, which will increase decision making speed and help ensure freedom from attack and freedom to maneuver,” said Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. David L. Goldfein. “We are making changes now to ensure we can organize, train, and equip our space forces to have the skills necessary to operate in a contested environment, defend our systems, and assure space missions and space superiority.”

This new organization will be instrumental in fostering, at the Air Force Headquarters level, the cultural change and capabilities evolution required to operate in an increasingly contested space domain.

Additionally, the Air Force is reforming the space acquisition programs approval process through the implementation of the new acquisition Milestone Decision Authority provisions in the fiscal year 2016 National Defense Authorization Act, streamlining decision making and removing months of time from the approval process.

The service will take full advantage of the authorities at its disposal, and consider alternative acquisition approaches. For example, the Air Force will expand the use of the Operationally Responsive Space (ORS) organization to rapidly field systems, as well as procure existing commercial capabilities.

In support of these initiatives, Air Force Space Command has developed a Space Warfighting Construct (SWC), which is an integrated approach to evolve the space architecture to be more flexible, survivable, and resilient. It will guide the development of future space systems and change the way the Air Force employs current systems. As part of the SWC, AFSPC is developing the space operations CONOPS, which will inform requirements development.

In order to strengthen the linkage of space capabilities to joint warfighters, the Air Force, in collaboration with the Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and its sister services, is strengthening the existing requirements process to embed space professionals at every stage of decision making. Together these efforts will position the Air Force to deliver ready space capabilities to all combatant commanders to ensure continuous delivery of space effects in a contested environment.

“Space capabilities provide the nation with effects integrated into the Air Force’s mission of Global Vigilance, Global Reach and Global Power. The enormous advantages space capabilities provide to theater commanders in today’s fight has led potential adversaries to either replicate or try to negate U.S. space systems,” Disbrow said. “The Air Force seeks to deter conflict in space, but should deterrence fail, we will counter any attempt to deny freedom of action in this vital warfighting domain.”

from:

http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/AF_announces_major_changes_to_space_enterprise_999.html

First Atmosphere detected around Earth sized exoplanet

April 7, 2017

April 6, 2017

Astronomers have detected an atmosphere around the super-Earth GJ 1132b. This marks the first detection of an atmosphere around a low-mass super-Earth, in terms of radius and mass the most Earth-like planet around which an atmosphere has yet been detected. Thus, this is a significant step on the path towards the detection of life on an exoplanet. The team, which includes researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, used the 2.2-m ESO/MPG telescope in Chile to take images of the planet’s host star, GJ 1132, and measured the slight decrease in brightness as the planet and its atmosphere absorbed some of the starlight while passing directly in front of their host star.

While it’s not the detection of life on another planet, it’s an important step in the right direction: the detection of an atmosphere around the super-Earth GJ 1132b marks the first time an atmosphere has been detected around a planet with a mass and radius close to Earth’s mass and radius (1.6 Earth masses, 1.4 Earth radii).

Astronomers’ current strategy for finding life on another planet is to detect the chemical composition of that planet’s atmosphere, on the lookout for certain chemical imbalances that require the presence of living organisms as an explanation. In the case of our own Earth, the presence of large amounts of oxygen is such a trace.

We’re still a long way from that detection though. Until the work described in this article, the (few!) observations of light from exoplanet atmospheres all involved planets much more massive than Earth: gas giants—relatives of our own solar system’s Jupiter—and a large super-Earth with more than eight times the Earth’s mass. With the present observation, we’ve taken the first tentative steps into analyzing the atmosphere of smaller, lower-mass planets that are much more Earth-like in size and mass.

The planet in question, GJ 1132b, orbits the red dwarf star GJ 1132 in the southern constellation Vela, at a distance of 39 light-years from us. Recently, the system has come under scrutiny by a team led by John Southworth (Keele University, UK). The project was conceived, and the observations coordinated, by Luigi Mancini, formerly of the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA) and now working at the University of Rome Tor Vergata. Additional MPIA team members were Paul Mollière and Thomas Henning.

The team used the GROND imager at the 2.2-m ESO/MPG telescope of the European Southern Observatory in Chile to observe the planet simultaneously in seven different wavelength bands. GJ 1132b is a transiting planet: From the perspective of an observer on Earth, it passes directly in front of its star every 1.6 days, blocking some of the star’s light.

The size of stars like GJ 1132 is well known from stellar models. From the fraction of starlight blocked by the planet, astronomers can deduce the planet’s size—in this case around 1.4 times the size of the Earth. Crucially, the new observations showed the planet to be larger at one of the infrared wavelengths than at the others. This suggests the presence of an atmosphere that is opaque to this specific infrared light (making the planet appear larger) but transparent at all the others. Different possible versions of the atmosphere were then simulated by team members at the University of Cambridge and the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy. According to those models, an atmosphere rich in water and methane would explain the observations very well.

The discovery comes with the usual exoplanet caveats: while somewhat larger than Earth, and with 1.6 times Earth’s mass (as determined by earlier measurements), observations to date do not provide sufficient data to decide how similar or dissimilar GJ 1132b is to Earth. Possibilities include a “water world” with an atmosphere of hot steam.

The presence of the atmosphere is a reason for cautious optimism. M dwarfs are the most common types of star, and show high levels of activity; for some set-ups, this activity (in the shape of flares and particle streams) can be expected to blow away nearby planets’ atmospheres. GJ 1132b provides a hopeful counterexample of an atmosphere that has endured for billion of years (that is, long enough for us to detect it). Given the great number of M dwarf stars, such atmospheres could mean that the preconditions for life are quite common in the universe.

In any case, the new observations make GJ 1132b a high-priority target for further study by instruments such as the Hubble Space Telescope, ESO’s Very Large Telescope, and the James Webb Space Telescope slated for launch in 2018.

The work described here has been published as J. Southworth et al., “Detection of the atmosphere of the 1.6 Earth mass exoplanet GJ 1132B” in the Astronomical Journal.

 

“A Word To Mankind” last two sentences

April 4, 2017

excerpt from an article from “Stimme der Wassermannzeit Nr.107

34.  Only he who fights for life can win even when it seems useless.

35.  In the end, and in spite of all the defeats, the winners will be those who held onto the truth tenaciously and fought for it, even though this victory will only be signified by a good conscience and an inner satisfaction that they have fulfilled their duty with respect to life, the world, mankind and all other life forms on Earth in accordance with the laws and directives of Creation.

 
Billy

Translated by Hugo and Renate S.

Proofread by Helga Friedrich (Feb.2001)

full article:

http://www.futureofmankind.co.uk/Billy_Meier/A_Word_To_Mankind

New Horizons Halfway from Pluto to Next Flyby Target

April 4, 2017

Washington DC (SPX) Apr 04, 2017

 

How time and our spacecraft fly – especially when you’re making history at 32,000 miles (51,500 kilometers) per hour. Continuing on its path through the outer regions of the solar system, NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft has now traveled half the distance from Pluto – its storied first target – to 2014 MU69, the Kuiper Belt object (KBO) it will fly past on Jan. 1, 2019.

The spacecraft reached that milestone at midnight (UTC) on April 3 – or 8 p.m. ET on April 2 – when it was 486.19 million miles (782.45 million kilometers) beyond Pluto and the same distance from MU69.

“It’s fantastic to have completed half the journey to our next flyby; that flyby will set the record for the most distant world ever explored in the history of civilization,” said Alan Stern, New Horizons principal investigator from the Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colorado.

Later this week – at 21:24 UTC (or 5:24 p.m. ET) on April 7 – New Horizons will also reach the halfway point in time between closest approaches to Pluto, which occurred at 7:48 a.m. ET on July 14, 2015, and MU69, predicted for 2 a.m. ET on New Year’s Day 2019.

The nearly five-day difference between the halfway markers of distance and time is due to the gravitational tug of the sun. The spacecraft is actually getting slightly slower as it pulls away from the sun’s gravity, so the spacecraft crosses the midpoint in distance a bit before it passes the midpoint in time.

Ready for a Rest
New Horizons will begin a new period of hibernation later this week. In fact, the spacecraft will be sleeping through the April 7 halfway timing marker to MU69, because mission operators at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) in Laurel, Maryland, will have put the spacecraft into hibernation two hours beforehand.

The scheduled 157-day hibernation is well-deserved; New Horizons has been “awake” for almost two and a half years, since Dec. 6, 2014. Since then, in addition to its historic Pluto encounter and 16 subsequent months of relaying the data from that encounter back to Earth, New Horizons has made breakthrough, distant observations of a dozen Kuiper Belt objects (KBOs), collected unique data on the dust and charged-particle environment of the Kuiper Belt, and studied the hydrogen gas that permeates the vast space surrounding the sun, called the heliosphere.

“The January 2019 MU69 flyby is the next big event for us, but New Horizons is truly a mission to more broadly explore the Kuiper Belt,” said Hal Weaver, New Horizons project scientist from APL, in Laurel, Maryland.

“In addition to MU69, we plan to study more than two-dozen other KBOs in the distance and measure the charged particle and dust environment all the way across the Kuiper Belt.”

New Horizons is currently 3.5 billion miles (5.7 billion kilometers) from Earth; at that distance, a radio signal sent from the operations team – and traveling at light speed – needs about five hours and 20 minutes to reach the spacecraft. All spacecraft systems are healthy and operating normally, and the spacecraft is on course for its MU69 flyby.


 by Staff Writers

http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/New_Horizons_Halfway_from_Pluto_to_Next_Flyby_Target_999.html