Posts Tagged ‘pollution’

Most remote island in the world is also the most polluted with 17 tons of plastic

May 16, 2017

 

The beaches of one of the world’s most remote islands have been found to be polluted with the highest density of plastic debris reported anywhere on the planet, in a study published in the prestigious US scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Despite being uninhabited and located more than 5000 kilometres from the nearest major population centre, Henderson Island is littered with an estimated 37.7 million pieces of plastic.

Part of the UK’s Pitcairn Islands territory, the island is so remote that it’s only visited every five to ten years for research purposes, but its location near the centre of the South Pacific Gyre ocean current makes it a focal point for debris carried from South America or deposited by fishing boats.

During the most recent scientific expedition to the island led by the British nature conservation charity RSPB, the study’s lead author, IMAS researcher Dr Jennifer Lavers, found the beaches littered by up to 671 items per square metre, the highest density ever recorded.

“What’s happened on Henderson Island shows there’s no escaping plastic pollution even in the most distant parts of our oceans,” Dr Lavers said.

“Far from being the pristine ‘deserted island’ that people might imagine of such a remote place, Henderson Island is a shocking but typical example of how plastic debris is affecting the environment on a global scale.

“Based on our sampling at five sites we estimated that more than 17 tonnes of plastic debris has been deposited on the island, with more than 3570 new pieces of litter washing up each day on one beach alone.

“It’s likely that our data actually underestimates the true amount of debris on Henderson Island as we were only able to sample pieces bigger than two millimetres down to a depth of 10 centimetres, and we were unable to sample along cliffs and rocky coastline.”

Dr Lavers said most of the more than 300 million tonnes of plastic produced worldwide each year is not recycled, and as it’s buoyant and durable it has a long-term impact on the ocean.

“Plastic debris is an entanglement and ingestion hazard for many species, creates a physical barrier on beaches to animals such as sea turtles, and lowers the diversity of shoreline invertebrates.

“Research has shown that more than 200 species are known to be at risk from eating plastic, and 55 per cent of the world’s seabirds, including two species found on Henderson Island, are at risk from marine debris,” Dr Lavers said.

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-05-ocean-plastic-million-bits-litter.html#jCp

A Year in the Life of CO2 video

June 16, 2016

 

See related Articles:

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/antarctic-co2-hit-400-ppm-for-first-time-in-4-million-years/

https://billymeier.wordpress.com/2015/06/03/excess-co2-leads-to-oxygen-collapse/

80 Percent of City Dwellers Breathe Bad Air

May 12, 2016

Over 80 percent of the world’s city dwellers breathe poor quality air, increasing their risk of lung cancer and other life-threatening diseases, a new World Health Organization (WHO) report warned Thursday.

Urban residents in poor countries are by far the worst affected, WHO said, noting that nearly every city (98 percent) in low- and middle-income countries has air which fails to meet the UN body’s standards.

City vs. Country: Which Is Safer?

You’d think peaceful country living would do wonders for your health. No pollution, less violence. Seems like the obvious way to go, right? But it isn’t so cut and dry.

That number falls to 56 percent of cities in wealthier countries.

Cutting CO2 Could Prevent 175,000 US Deaths

“Urban air pollution continues to rise at an alarming rate, wreaking havoc on human health,” Maria Neira, the head of WHO’s department of public health and environment, said in a statement.

The UN agency’s latest air pollution database reveals an overall deterioration of air in the planet’s cities, and highlights the growing risk of serious health conditions also including stroke and asthma.

The report, which focused on outdoor rather than household air, compared data collected from 795 cities in 67 countries between 2008 and 2013.

The Colorado River in the Grand Canyon in Arizona faces a host of threats including radioactive pollution from uranium mining, proposed construction projects and increased groundwater pumping that could deplete freshwater supplies, according to the group.

Tracking the prevalence of harmful pollutants like sulfate and black carbon, WHO found that air quality was generally improving in richer regions like Europe and North America, but worsening in developing regions, notably the Middle East and southeast Asia.

Overall, contaminants in outdoor air caused more than 3 million premature deaths a year, the UN body said.

The quality of air pollution data provided by individual countries varies considerably, and WHO does not compile a ranking of the world’s most polluted cities.

But, in a sample of selected mega-cities with a population above 14 million, New Delhi was the most polluted, followed by Cairo and Bangladesh’s capital Dhaka.

Crucially, key African centers like Nigeria’s mega-city Lagos were excluded from the list because of the sparse availability of air quality data in many parts of the continent, WHO said.

A sample of European data showed that Rome had slightly worse air than Berlin, followed by London and Madrid.

Key factors 

Carlos Dora, coordinator at WHO’s public health and environment department, pointed to several key factors that determine the quality of a city’s air.

First was transportation, Dora said, noting that cities which succeed in reducing vehicle traffic while promoting walking, cycling and mass public transport inevitably see their air quality improve.

Energy inefficiency — especially with respect to heating and cooling buildings — is a major cause of dirty air, along with the widespread use of diesel generators as a replacement for cleaner electricity sources, Dora added.

Another crucial factor, especially in developing countries, is waste management, with the smoke generated by burning garbage ranking among the top pollutants.

Source: http://news.discovery.com/earth/global-warming/80-percent-of-city-dwellers-breathe-bad-air-un-160512.htm

 

Proof that Climate Change Doubters are 100% WRONG

June 19, 2015

A small excerpt from contact report 489 out of 602 and counting…

Billy
…Actually I have something which still requires an explanation from your side. Christian Frehner brought me a question from Michael Horn and Professor James Deardorff regarding the current CO2 content of the terrestrial atmosphere.
But since I was not quite sure in regard to an answer, I asked Florena on February 25th for an explanation.
Both obviously thought that the current content is not yet dangerous and that it also does not climb so quickly.
Besides that, they spoke of a 4 percent CO2 content, which is not, however, what was mentioned in our conversation of October 14th last year in regard to CO2.
Florena answered my question by quoting the exact current content as 0.046 percent.
This is in contrast to the claims of the terrestrial scientists who, with inexact calculations, would only calculate a value of 0.039 percent.
I assume, concerning that, that a misunderstanding probably exists with the two and they took the terrestrial scientists’ lower value as the starting point and that this is not yet dangerous and for which reason it is also not to be evaluated as grave.
However, how they arrived at 4 percent is a puzzle to me because neither of us mentioned this number in our conversation.
What is to be said about that?
Ptaah
It is correct that the current CO2 content on the Earth amounts to 0.046 percent, respectively 460 ppm [parts per million] which is truly quite a lot more than the terrestrial scientists register with their inadequate apparatuses.
This CO2 content of 0.046 percent is not yet very grave for the life forms, but, with humans who are more susceptible than others regarding CO2, it leads to very frequent migraines, with nausea and dizziness.
But, among diverse other factors, the molecule also strongly influences the climate and therefore contributes to climate change.
The content of 460 ppm is therefore not harmless. Instead, it has already, for a long time, shown certain effects with humans who are susceptible to it, as it also has in regard to climate change, through which natural catastrophes take the lives of many humans.
The named 0.046 percentage of CO2 impregnates the atmosphere whereby however this says nothing about the CO2 which has accumulated and continues to accumulate in the soil and in the oceans and other bodies of water, and which is freed, by and by, as a result of various processes and also enters the atmosphere this way.
It also says nothing about how the CO2 damages all seas and other bodies of water in that it acidifies them.
The gas will be poisonous for the humans when, in the air, it reaches a content of approximately one percent which will then already lead generally to headaches and chronic tiredness.
It has an absolutely deadly effect when it reaches a content of 8 percent in the air.
Naturally the entire thing still corresponds to a longer process and will not take effect overnight, but the whole thing will not be stopped if the Earth humans proceed with their uncontrollable reproduction and continue to produce the gas in excessive amounts as they have until now.
As a result of everything which is coming in the future, factors can come about which allow the CO2 content to suddenly and rapidly increase, especially when the molecules, which have accumulated and continue to accumulate in the soil and in the oceans, escape into the air as a result of some sort of circumstances and become dangerous for all breathing beings.
That is certainly not the case yet and also one cannot expect it to be the case very quickly, but to think that the CO2 content of 460 ppm is not dangerous corresponds to an erroneous assumption because that is already alarmingly high, because, namely, as a result of the molecule, the climate is strongly influenced in a negative way and causes certain human beings health difficulties, with migraines, nausea and dizziness.
Around 150 years ago the CO2 content in the atmosphere amounted to 0.028 percent, and shortly before industrialisation the content of CO2 on the Earth amounted to 187 ppm. Subsequently the content has therefore climbed by a disturbing 273 ppm.
The terrestrial atmosphere has always contained CO2 in small amounts, but the Earth humans have unfortunately contributed very much to the strong increase of the gas content, and indeed as a result of the irresponsible, excessive burning of fossil fuels such as crude oil, natural gas and coal, as well as as a result of diverse other natural and chemically produced substances.
Means of transport, such as aircraft, automobiles, tractors, other motor vehicles and all kinds of work machines as well as ships, which are powered by combustion engines, also contribute in a big way to the entire evil.
To add to that are also power stations and factories which are powered in some way with gas or coal.
Also the logging – and clearing by means of fire – of the rain forests, as well as other clearing of forests around the world and the destruction and building-over of riverside forests and fertile fields for residential buildings and factories, and so forth, contributed and further contributes to the increasing CO2 content.
Billy
But now all the clever ones and know-it-alls who play everything down again, will come again.
That will, unfortunately, really not be avoidable.
Ptaah
That will with certainty be so, just as it will that everything will be described as worse than it, in and of itself, already is.

Date/time of contact: Monday, March 1st, 2010 see also:   Excess CO2 Leads to Oxygen Collapse  https://billymeier.wordpress.com/2015/06/03/excess-co2-leads-to-oxygen-collapse/

8-year-old becomes China’s youngest lung cancer patient, doctors blame pollution

November 6, 2013

Published time: November 05, 2013 12:44

Chinese doctors blame high levels of air pollution, the toxic byproduct of the country’s supercharged economy, for a young girl contracting a deadly disease usually confined to the elderly.

China’s rapid transformation seemingly overnight from a reclusive Maoist outpost to a modern economic powerhouse has not come without a high social price, as urban dwellers struggle to cope with choking smog and deteriorating health conditions.

The depth of the problem hit home on Monday when it was reported that an eight-year-old Chinese girl, from the eastern province of Jiangsu, became the country’s youngest person to contract lung cancer.

The girl, whose name has been withheld by the authorities, lives near a busy road in the eastern province of Jiangsu, said Xinhuanet, the website of China’s official news agency, AFP reported.

The Chinese report quoted Jie Fengdong, a doctor at Jiangsu Cancer Hospital in Nanjing, as saying the young girl had been exposed to harmful particles and dust over an extended period of time.

Lung cancer cases among children are rare, with the average age for people acquiring the disease at about 70 years old, according to the American Cancer Society. However, as this latest case appears to show, the demographics of the disease may be changing with an increased number of younger people becoming infected.

Lung cancer deaths in China, where a shortage of natural gas supplies keeps it dependent on coal burning, have soared more than four times over the past three decades, according to Beijing’s Health Ministry. Meanwhile, cancer is now the leading cause of death in the Chinese capital.

Last month, the northern city of Harbin – a city of some 11 million people with a heavy reliance on coal as a means for heating – suffered severe smog with air pollutants 50 times the level recommended by the World Health Organization. Beijing in January recorded air pollution levels 45 times the WHO level.

The Health Ministry announced it would create a national system within five years to monitor the long-term impact of chronic air pollution on human health, state media reported last month.

The monitoring system will collect and examine data on PM2.5, or particulate matter with a diameter of 2.5 micrometers, in locations around the country, the report said, citing a ministry statement.

“The document noted that the absence of a long-term, systematic monitoring system has prevented the country from uncovering the link between air pollution and human health,” Reuters quoted the report as saying.

An international study published in July showed that air pollution is dramatically cutting short the lives of people in northern China by about 5 1/2 years, compared to the south.

China is desperate to curb this trend and bring to heel an overheated economic model that has deteriorated the condition of much of the country’s air, water and soil.

Beijing officials have created a new pollution alert system that will place limits on driving and prohibit manufacturing and construction in the event that three consecutive days of hazardous levels of pollution are forecast for the capital.

While the new measures may be too late for the young girl from Jiangsu province since she already has cancer, it may help to extend the lives of other Chinese citizens who are being adversely affected as the national economy steams forward.

source:
rt.com

Many Have Been Working Powerfully And Effectively Behind The Scenes

July 29, 2013

Saul through John Smallman ~ Many Have Been Working Powerfully And Effectively Behind The Scenes
29 July 2013 –
Channeler:
John Smallman

The Oneness of God and all of His creation is a concept that is beyond beauty, beyond perfection. It is an infinite harmony of integrated energy fields that is overwhelming in its magnificence. When you – humanity – return Home, and awaken into Reality as you are divinely destined to do, your delighted amazement as you remember and recognize who You truly are will absolutely enchant you.
Now, as you wait for this event of incomparable significance in your ongoing spiritual evolution, do not let doubts or anxieties distract you from your task of holding the Light within you on high so that all with whom you interconnect in any manner will feel the warmth of Love that envelops you and flows out through you to embrace all on Earth.

This is the point in your history when Love prevails, and all that is not in alignment with It just fades away. You have brought this about by your unceasing intent to awaken from the deep sleep in which the illusion seems to have ensnared you. You were not ensnared, and never could be because you are One with your Father. Your will is aligned with His, and as it is His Will that you awaken into the eternal joy that is Reality, therefore you will do so. It is inevitable because His Will is always perfectly achieved.

Nevertheless, many of you are concerned. . . as the immensity of the scale of dishonesty, betrayal, and corruption that has been endemic on Earth for eons becomes ever more apparent. What is being revealed by whistleblowers all across the planet is very shocking, because you had been led to believe and because you most naturally wanted to believe that whatever its flaws (and you were aware of many), the apparent democratic governments of the industrialized nations were intentionally and successfully working in humanity’s best interests.

Laws introduced by governments claiming to protect you and ensure your ongoing safety were loudly trumpeted as wonderful signs of the effectiveness of your so-called democratic societies, when in fact they mostly possessed, hidden deeply within them, clauses and amendments which allowed large organizations and corporations, while declaring their compliance with them, to avoid being in any way constrained by meaningful controls or restrictions on their – to put it mildly – less-than-worthy or honorable activities.
The extent of the damage that has been caused and continues to be caused worldwide by the arrogant and insane policies of some of these organizations is finally being revealed. And because it can no longer be hidden, effective measures to reverse and repair the planetary damage can start being put into operation.

Indeed, the number of whistleblowers is growing as the divine field of Love enveloping you all weaves its miraculous web, intertwining all your individual energy fields ever-more positively into Itself.
Many have been working powerfully and effectively behind the scenes for some considerable time, so that when the time was right the means, the plans, and the activities necessary to bring about essential repairs, renewal, and regeneration of the planet could be started without delay. News of these kinds of activities is staring to be reported, so when you feel down and feel that nothing seems to be happening apart from further damaging calamities, look for the good news and remind yourselves that the New Age has arrived and has brought with it the necessary people, skills, intent, and determination to put right the wrongs that have occurred through eons of irresponsible behavior by those who had taken upon themselves the power and authority to govern the planet and its peoples.
The time for discounting the will of the governed by those who would govern them has come to an end. Education, mass travel, and the ability to communicate quickly and easily with anyone anywhere have made it impossible for those who consider themselves special, superior to the general population and therefore destined to rule, to continue doing so, no matter how desperately they may wish it were not so. The paucity of good will on their part can no longer be hidden or denied.

In the long run, authority and control can only be maintained if those claiming it are accepted by those whom they would govern, and that is no longer the case. The peaceful ousting of governments that no longer serve the needs of the populace is set to continue as it becomes ever more apparent that they have no answers to the problems besetting the world, and that their only true interests lie in protecting themselves and their deliciously self-indulgent lifestyles.

There are many on the planet who do have the interests of the planet and of humanity at heart, and who are well aware that the present rapacious, perpetually growth-oriented industrial economies will lead to self-destruction if allowed to continue on their approach to the abyss. And the population at large is not unaware of this. There is a new mood on Earth, a new awareness, a realization that enormous changes to the way societies interact with each other and with the planet are essential if you are not to be drawn into that looming chasm. The determined collective intent to reverse course, to back up and re-assess your priorities, and to bring into being the required changes for the peace and well-being of all on Earth will not be overruled or prevented.

Already the first steps have been taken to lay firm foundations for a sustainable mode of living, while at the same time ensuring that you do not fall backwards into a pre-industrial age of hardship, poverty, and disease.

Because all is going forwards exactly as God intends, and as humanity also desires, when you take your regular daily quiet times, holding the intent that the divine Will be done, and that Love, the infinite power of life, of creation dissolve all earthly dissonance, remind yourselves that humanity’s collective intent to awaken has been made and is irreversible. In other words, remind yourselves that you are divine beings about to awaken from a long and nauseating dream into the glory of your eternal and natural state. . . fully conscious, fully aware, and joyous in the Presence of and at one with God, your ever-loving Father.

With so very much love, Saul.