Posts Tagged ‘solar’

Sun power makes steam

December 11, 2018

Full steam ahead

The researchers first tested the structure by running experiments in the lab, using a solar simulator that mimics the characteristics of natural sunlight at varying, controlled intensities. They found that the structure was able to heat a small basin of water to the boiling point and produce superheated steam, at 122 C, under conditions that simulated the sunlight produced on a clear, sunny day. When the researchers increased this solar intensity by 1.7 times, they found the device produced even hotter steam, at 144 C.

On Oct. 21, 2017, they tested the device on the roof of MIT’s Building 1, under ambient conditions. The day was clear and bright, and to increase the sun’s intensity further, the researchers constructed a simple solar concentrator—a curved mirror that helps to collect and redirect more sunlight onto the device, thus raising the incoming solar flux, similar to the way a magnifying glass can be used to concentrate a sun’s beam to up a patch of pavement.

sunsoakingde
Photograph of the contactless solar evaporation structure operating on the roof of MIT in October 2017. A non-tracking solar concentrator allows steam temperatures as high as 146 °C to be achieved even in autumn months.

With this added shielding, the structure produced steam in excess of 146 C over the course of 3.5 hours. In subsequent experiments, the team was able to produce steam from sea water, without contaminating the surface of the device with salt crystals. In another set of experiments, they were also able to collect and condense the steam in a flask to produce pure, distilled water.

Chen says that, in addition to overcoming the challenges of contamination, the ‘s design enables steam to be collected at a single point, in a concentrated stream, whereas previous designs produced more dilute spray.

“This design really solves the fouling problem and the steam collection problem,” Chen says. “Now we’re looking to make this more efficient and improve the system. There are different opportunities, and we’re looking at what are the best options to pursue.”

source: https://techxplore.com/news/2018-12-sun-soaking-device-superheated-steam.html

TESS to replace Kepler in 2 years

December 21, 2015

NASA, “Oh by the way Ceres has water and is in the habitable zone”

October 7, 2015

Boring, but informative:

re: the expansion and contraction phases of the universe..

August 20, 2015

Hello,
I have recently been assigned the task of reading through 622 reports, respectively the transcripts of conversations had by Billy Eduard Albert Meier over the past 40 years. Some of these conversations have to do with the history of our universe, solar system, planet, and ancestors. Who he is having the conversations with is debatable, but the factual statements made in the conversations can be scientifically verified. There are also topics pertaining to physics, astronomy, and biology. They should at least be considered as theories and tested as such.

  • The age of the universe,
  •  the appearance and disappearance of bodies in our solar system,
  •  the percentage of dark matter that constitutes the universe….
  •  the expansion and contraction phases of the universe..
  •  biological life forms that live in extreme environments..

All of these topics are discussed and explained in great detail.

Please visit http://billymeier.wordpress.com
to see excepts from outer space related topics.

Or download the PDF I have assembled…
https://billymeier.files.wordpress.com/2015/07/plejaran-info-only-outer-space-related-2-0.pdf

Or read about our ancient history in story form..titled “We Came From The Stars, And Then From Mars

https://billymeier.wordpress.com/downloads/

If vetted and verified by more people, this information could greatly increase our understanding of the cosmos. Please respond in the comments section after you have looked at and read some of the information and let me know what you think!

Thank you.

Mythi update 126

December 2, 2014

Mythi update 121

August 28, 2014

Soft Disclosure on Space.com: Saturn’s artificial moon Iapetus photo’d 10 years ago

April 24, 2014

Saturn Moon’s Weird Ridge Rained Down from SpaceBy Ian O’Neill, Discovery News   |   April 24, 2014 10:17am ET

On the Odds of Intelligent Life Beyond Earth

February 4, 2014

Would you believe me if I told you that there were planets beyond our solar system?

How many do you think there might be?

Well, there are 1000 we have officially identified (over 4000 as of 2020), 2500 we have yet to confirm, 17 billion estimated to be about the size of Earth, and 8.8 billion estimated to be the size of Earth and in the “habitable zone”.

Do you think we are the only intelligent, two arm, two legged beings in the Milky Way galaxy?  Because there are 8,800,000,000 other rocky planets around our size.   Just in our galaxy, mind you, not counting the billions of other galaxies.

Would you believe me if I told you that there were high ranking officers in the U.S. military that broke their sworn oath to secrecy and are willing to testify before Congress that they have seen UFOs, or seen top secret evidence on UFOs, or E.T. technology, or touched UFOs that were not from Earth?

There are more than 400 of these people.

So, how many reasons exactly do you need?

According to an alleged contactee, Billy Meier, there are at least 3.67 million inhabited solar systems with human or humanoid life in our galaxy, and 7 million solar systems with plant and/or animal life.

That works out to the following:

1 in 61,571 solid planets or moons in the Milky Way host some form of life, such as plant, animal, human, etc.

1 in 117,439 solid planets or moons in the Milky Way host human life.

1 in 163,878 solid planets or moons in the Milky Way host advanced human life.

Sources: NASA Kepler space telescope, Citizens Hearing on Disclosure, Dr. Steven Greer, CSETI, Paradigm Research Group, FIGU

Ceres asteroid vents water vapour

January 22, 2014

By Jonathan Amos Science correspondent, BBC News

Ceres impression
An artist’s impression of water out-gassing from two sources on Ceres

Observations of the Solar System’s biggest asteroid suggest it is spewing plumes of water vapour into space.

Ceres has long been thought to contain substantial quantities of ice within its body, but this is the first time such releases have been detected.

The discovery was made by Europe’s infrared Herschel space telescope, and is reported in the journal Nature.

Scientists believe the vapour is coming from dark coloured regions on Ceres’ surface, but are not sure of the cause.

One idea is that surface, or near-surface, ice is being warmed by the Sun, turning it directly to a gas that then escapes to space.

“Another possibility,” says the European Space Agency’s Michael Kuppers, “is that there is still some energy in the interior of Ceres, and this energy would make the water vent out in a similar way as for geysers on Earth, only that with the low pressure at the surface of the asteroid, what comes out would be a vapour and not a liquid.”

The quantity being out-gassed is not great – just 6kg per second – but the signature is unmistakable to Herschel, which was perfectly tuned to detect water molecules in space.

The telescope’s observations were made before its decommissioning last year.

Ceres pictured by Hubble Currently, our best image of Ceres comes from the Hubble Space Telescope

Scientists will get a better idea of what is going on in 2015, when Ceres is visited by the American space agency’s Dawn probe.

The satellite will go into orbit around the 950km-wide body, mapping its surface and determining its composition and structure.

“It will be able to observe those dark regions at high resolution, and will probably solve the question of what process is creating the water vapour,” explained Dr Kuppers.

Ceres is often now referred to as a “dwarf planet” – the same designation used to describe Pluto following its demotion from full planet status in 2006.

The asteroid’s sheer size means gravity has pulled it into a near-spherical form.

It is regarded as quite a primitive body in that it has clearly not undergone the same heating and processing of its materials that the many other objects in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter have experienced.

Scientists suspect water-ice is buried under Ceres’ crust because its density is less than that of the Earth’s. And this reputation as a “wet body” is supported by the presence of a lot of minerals at its surface that have water bound into their structure.

One theory to explain why Ceres has so much more water-ice than other members of the surrounding asteroid population is that it formed further away from the Sun, and only later migrated to its present location.

This could have happened if perturbed by Jupiter, whose gravity plays a key role in corralling the asteroids in the belt they occupy today.

“We now have a more sophisticated model for the evolution of the Solar System called the Nice model, which successfully explains many of the features of the Solar System, with the planets having migrated outwards and then maybe also inwards,” said Dr Kuppers.

Jonathan.Amos-INTERNET@bbc.co.uk and follow me on Twitter: @BBCAmos

source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-25849871

 

Found! 3 Super-Earth Planets That Could Support Alien Life

June 25, 2013

This article is for all the non-believers who are waiting for absolute proof of life beyond Earth. Disclosure is slowly trickling out…

If scientists have confirmed one example, how many other hundreds or thousands of other similar solar systems are in our galaxy?

http://www.space.com/21706-habitable-alien-planets-gliese-667c.html

The habitable zone of a nearby star is filled to the brim with planets that could support alien life, scientists announced today (June 25).

An international team of scientists found a record-breaking three potentially habitable planets around the star Gliese 667C, a star 22 light-years from Earth that is orbited by at least six planets, and possibly as many as seven, researchers said. The three planet contenders for alien life are in the star’s “habitable zone” — the temperature region around the star where liquid water could exist. Gliese 667C is part of a three-star system, so the planets could see three suns in their daytime skies.

The three potentially rocky planets in Gliese 667C’s habitable zone are known as super-Earths — exoplanets that are less massive than Neptune but more massive than Earth. Their orbits make them possible candidates for hosting life, officials from the European Southern Observatory said in a statement. [See images of the alien planets of star Gliese 667C] alien planets, exoplanets, Gliese 667C solar system, extrasolar planets, search for life, habitable planets, habitable zones of stars, astronomy, MSNWEATHER

This diagram shows the system of planets around star Gliese 667C. A record-breaking three planets in this system are super-Earths inside the star’s habitable zone, where liquid water could exist, making them possible candidates for alien life. This is the first system found with a fully packed habitable zone. Separation of planets not to scale. Image released June 25, 2013.
CREDIT: ESO

“We knew that the star had three planets from previous studies, so we wanted to see whether there were any more,” co-leader of the study Mikko Tuomi of the University of Hertfordshire, U.K. said in a statement. “By adding some new observations and revisiting existing data we were able to confirm these three and confidently reveal several more. Finding three low-mass planets in the star’s habitable zone is very exciting!”

This is the first time three low-mass planets have been spotted in the habitable zone of the same star system, and it’s unlikely that astronomers will find any more around Gliese 667C. The star’s habitable zone is packed full, making it impossible for another planet to orbit stably within the zone, the researchers said.

Gliese 667 system

This picture shows the sky around multiple star Gliese 667. The bright star at the centre is Gliese 667 A and B, the two main components of the system, which cannot be separated in this image.
CREDIT: ESO
View full size image

“The number of potentially habitable planets in our galaxy is much greater if we can expect to find several of them around each low-mass star — instead of looking at 10 stars to look for a single potentially habitable planet, we now know we can look at just one star and find several of them,” team member Rory Barnes of the University of Washington said in a statement.

Gliese 667C is the faintest star in the three-star system. From the surface of the planets in orbit around Gliese 667C, the two brighter stars would be as bright as the full moon by night and shine visibly during the day, ESO scientists said.

Gliese 667C is cooler and dimmer than the sun, making it possible for planets that have very close-in orbits to remain habitable. This star’s habitable zone lies within an orbit the size of Mercury’s around the sun, ESO officials said.


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